November 1, 2023

Banning Weapons Training in Public Schools, Funding Assistance for Ukraine, and Various Appropriations Bills for Fiscal Year 2024

Protecting Hunting Heritage and Education Act (HR 5110) – This bill was introduced in the House on Aug. 1 by Rep. Mark E. Green (R-TN). The purpose of this bill is to ban federal funds from being used for weapons training in public schools, except in the case of training students in archery, hunting, and other school sports that involve shooting guns. The bill passed in the House on Sept. 26, the Senate on Sept. 27, and was signed into law by the president on Oct. 6.

Continuing Appropriations Act, 2024 and Other Extensions Act (HR 5860) – This last-minute continuing resolution (CR) authorizes fiscal year 2024 appropriations to federal agencies through Nov. 17, as well as emergency funding for disaster relief. With the impending deadline of Oct. 1, this stopgap bill was passed in the House and Senate and signed by the president on Sept. 30. A full authorization bill (or another extension) must be passed by the November deadline in order to prevent a government shutdown.

Ukraine Security Assistance and Oversight Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2024 (HR 6592) – This act provides supplemental appropriations to the Department of Defense (DOD) for assistance to Ukraine; it also authorizes an Office of the Special Inspector General for Ukraine Assistance. This funding is designed to aid and equip military and national security forces to help fight the Russian invasion of Ukraine. It further replenishes the U.S. military inventory with weapons or defense systems that have already been provided to Ukraine. The Special Inspector General for Ukraine Assistance will conduct audits to prevent and detect waste, fraud, and abuse of the bill’s funding. The legislation was introduced by Rep. Thomas Kean (R-NJ) on Sept. 26 and was passed in the House on Sept. 28. It is presently under review in the Senate.

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2024 (HR 4367) – Introduced by Rep. David Joyce (R-OH) on June 27, this is an appropriations bill for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This funding is designated for intelligence, situational awareness, and oversight, security, enforcement, and investigations related to U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Transportation Security Administration, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Secret Service. While the bill passed in the House on Sept. 28 and is currently under consideration in the Senate, President Biden has indicated he would veto the bill because it rescinds a previously agreed-upon budget negotiated by the Speaker of the House last May.

Expanding Access to Capital for Rural Job Creators Act (S 294) – This bill would require the Securities and Exchange Commission to report on issues encountered by rural-area small businesses. Moreover, it would amend the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to extend additional capital for small businesses in rural areas. The legislation was introduced by Sen. John Kennedy (R-LA) on Feb. 7 and passed in the Senate on Sept. 7. It is currently in the House.

National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024 (S 226) – This annual appropriations bill passed in the Senate on July 27. It authorizes fiscal year 2024 appropriations for the Department of Defense (DOD), the national security programs of the Department of Energy (DOE), military construction, acquisition or modification of various military items (e.g., aircraft, ships, combat vehicles, missiles, ammunition), service member compensation and healthcare benefits, as well as other purposes related to defending the U.S. Introduced on July 11 by Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI), the bill currently resides in the House.